When you're just starting your career, you need all the help you can get managing your time. Even when you're working hard, you could be wasting a tremendous amount of time either by trying to multitask or by focusing too much on minute details.
如果你剛入職場,就應該盡一切可能學習時間管理。因為即使你愿意刻苦工作,你也可能花費過多的時間在多線任務和細節處理上。

Below, we've explained some of best time-management tips everyone should learn in their 20s.
下面就為大家推薦一些二十幾歲年輕人應該學會的時間管理技巧。

1. There's always time. Time is priorities.
1. 時間是用不盡的,把時間擺在首位。

You never run out of time. If you didn't finish something by the time it was due, it's because you didn't consider it or enjoyable enough to ahead of whatever else you were doing.
時間是用不盡的。如果你沒有按時完成某項任務,那是因為你沒有把這個任務看得非常緊急,或者你認為做這個任務的過程并不能讓你享受,所以你沒能把它放在其他要做的事情前。

2. Days always fill up faster than you'd expect.
2. 時間總是過得比你想象的要快。

Build in some buffer time. As the founder of Ruby on Rails, David Heinemeier Hansson, said, "Only plan on four to five hours of real work per day."
設置一段緩沖時間。就像Ruby on Rails公司的創始人大衛·漢森所說的:“每天只需計劃4到5個小時的工作就夠了。”

3. Work more when you're in the zone. Relax when you're not.
3. 狀態好的時候多做工作,狀態不好就放松。

Some days, you'll be off your game, and other times, you'll be able to maintain your focus for 12 hours straight. Take advantage of those days.
有時候你可能工作狀態不佳,有時候你甚至可以12小時連續高效工作。充分利用好效率高的時間。

4. Stop multitasking. It kills your focus.
4. 不要同時做多項工作,這會分散你的注意力。

There have been academic studies that found the brain expends energy as it readjusts its focus from one item to the next. If you're spending your day multitasking, you're exhausting your brain.
有研究表明大腦在調整注意力從某件事轉移到另一件事的時候,能量消耗加大。如果你一整天都在處理不同的事情,容易讓大腦疲勞。

5. We're always more focused and productive with limited time.
5. 有時間限制的時候我們會更專心,效率更高。

Work always seems to find a way of filling the space for it, so set shorter time limits for each task.
工作似乎總能在規定的時間內做完,所以給每一項任務少留一點時間。

6. Work is the best way to get working. Start with small tasks to get the ball rolling.
6. 進入工作狀態最好的方式就是開始工作。從小任務開始逐步進入狀態。

The business plan you need to finish may be at 8 in the morning. Get your mind on the right path with easy tasks, such as answering important work emails.
早上8點的時候看工作計劃可能會讓你望而卻步。先做一些簡單的任務,做好心理準備,比如回復一些重要的工作郵件。

7. Expectations to do things perfectly are stifling.
7. 預想完美地完成任務會讓你倍感壓力。

General George S. Patton once said, "A good plan executed now is better than a perfect plan executed next week."
喬治巴頓二世曾說:“正在執行的好計劃比下周執行的完美計劃好的多。”

8. More work hours doesn't mean more productivity. Use constraints as opportunities.
8. 工作時間長不代表產量高。把約束當做機遇。

Don't kid yourself into thinking that sitting at your desk will somehow work from you. Do whatever you can to finish your current task by the end of regular work hours instead of working into the night.
不要想著坐在桌子前就是在工作。在工作時間把當前的任務完成,不要熬夜工作。

9. Separate brainless and strategic tasks to become more productive.
9. 將非腦力勞動和腦力勞動分開,這樣效率更高。

Ideally, you can brainstorm your ideas and then execute them. If you're constantly stopping your flow of work to rethink something, you're slowing yourself down.
理想狀態下,你可以有很多好點子并一一執行。如果你停下手頭上的工作去回想的話,你自然就慢下來了。

10. Organize important meetings early in the day. Time leading up to an event is often wasted.
10. 盡早安排重要會議。等待是最浪費時間的。

If you have an important meeting scheduled for 4 p.m., it's easy for anxiety to set in and keep that meeting at the front of your mind. Try to get big meetings over with early so you can work without worrying about them.
如果你把重要的會議放在下午4點,你會很容易焦慮,因為這之前你會一直想著它。試著將重要會議安排地早一點,這樣你就可以安心地做其他工作了。

11. Schedule meetings and communication by email or phone back-to-back to create blocks of uninterrupted work.
11. 用郵件或電話把會議和溝通安排在相鄰的時間段,保證有持續工作的時段。

You'll disrupt your flow if you're reaching out to people throughout the day.
如果你一整天都在聯系別人,會打斷你的工作進程。

12. Work around procrastination.
12. 克服拖延癥。

Try Francesco Cirillo's Pomodoro Technique. Pomodoro is Italian for tomato, and the technique's name refers to the tomato-shaped cooking timer Cirillo used to break his work into 25-minute with five-minute breaks in between. You can use the same idea with your own increments, as long as they inspire bursts of hard work.
試試弗朗西斯科·齊立羅的番茄工作法。齊立羅用番茄形狀的廚房定時器將自己的工作時間設置為每工作25分鐘休息5分鐘,這也是這套工作法名字的來源。

13. Break down a massive task into manageable blocks.
13. 將任務量大的任務分成幾個小任務。

Alabama football coach Nick Saban follows a similar philosophy he calls the Process. Instead of having his players focus on winning the , he trains them to focus on only what is directly in front of them.
亞拉巴馬州橄欖球教練尼克·塞班采用的就是類似方法。他不會讓運動員只想著贏得錦標賽,而是讓他們專注眼前。

14. No two tasks ever hold the same importance. Always prioritize.
14. 沒有兩項工作是同等重要的。權衡輕重緩急。

Daily to-do lists are effective ways of scheduling your day. Just do what you can to keep bullet points from making "clean desk" on par with "file taxes."
列出當天要做的事情是有效的管理時間的方式,但是不要把“擦桌子”和“報稅”放在一起。

15. Always know the one thing you really need to get done during the day.
15. 清楚你當天必做的一件事情。

Determine which task in front of you is most important, and focus your energy on getting that done as soon as possible.
確定一件最重要的事情,集中精力盡快完成它。

16. Learn to make use of other people.
16. 學會讓別人幫你做事。

To be truly efficient, get over the fear of handing off work to someone else.
想要真正提高效率就不要怕讓別人幫你工作。

17. Turn the page on yesterday. Only ever think about today and tomorrow.
17. 翻過昨天,只想今天和明天。

Don't distract yourself with either the successes or failures of the past. Focus instead on what's in front of you.
不要因為過去的成功或失敗而分心。專注眼前。

18. Set deadlines for everything.
18. 為每件事都設一個最后期限。

Spending too much time on a project or keeping it on the backburner for too long will lead to stagnation. Get things done and move on.
花太多時間在一件事上或是不斷推遲這件事都會導致停滯不前。做好一件事就馬上開始下一件。

19. Always take notes.
19.記筆記。

Don't assume you'll remember every good idea that comes into your head during the day. It doesn't matter if it's a notebook, whiteboard, or an app like Evernote--just write stuff down.
不要以為你能記住每一個好想法。無論是用筆記本、記事板、還是手機應用,記下你的想法。

20. Write down any unrelated thoughts that pop up when you're in the zone, so that they don't linger as distractions.
20. 工作的時候記下任何突然出現在腦子里的想法,這樣它們就不會停在腦子里讓你分心了。

You'll get them out of the way without losing them.
你可以不去想它同時又不會忘記。